Excellent Ways to Make A Vacation Spot at Your Home for Your Children.
Vacations are the most common family treats when schools are closed. Off peak seasons are cheaper to go on vacations as there are fewer people doing the same. Entertainment is a big part of everyone’s life.
Summer season is always flooded with individuals going for trips due to the excellent weather and availability of free time. Families that opt for cost-effective ways to enjoy the holiday usually consider the following activities.
The first option is installing hot tubs, and swimming pools in your compound. There is no need to be bothered for individuals without the amenities as they can improvise. You can install portable hot tubs and helium-filled swimming pools for the holiday season; these materials can be easily found at Walmart, and portable tubs HQ.
You need to consider the age of your children while purchasing these regarding their size and it is advised to procure swimming pools for children compared to hot tubs as the heat contained in them is too much for smaller children. Also, consider purchasing activity swing sets for your children. They will enjoy role plays with the swings, and there are various options to choose from including those with more than one swing, climbing rails, and a tunnel.
Archery sets usually contain a bow, several arrows and a target for children that are adventurous. Archery sets are made up of a plastic material but is it essential for caution to be taken during play. Parents that have enough space can consider buying the game for their younger kids as teens may not like the idea.
Another excellent choice for very active children is the Frisbee golf set that replicates a mini golf set in your compound. Parents that play golf often prefer the Frisbee golf set for their children. Trampoline is loved by children across all age groups. If you want to buy a trampoline, check out the stores near you and the internet.
Children that have a great liking for nature and science would love to play with bug catchers. The bugs catcher set has a magnifying glass, slider and a book. For kids that are artistic and love writing and drawing almost anywhere in the house, you should think about purchasing a chalk set for them. The children will have fun drawing on the floors and the writings will be rubbed by the rain.
If you have visitors with kids during the holiday consider buying a zip line that will keep the children entertained as you catch up with your stories. It is simple to fix all you need is enough space and two trees.
Water bombs and pistols are a must have as they are cheap and can be used across all age groups; summer is all about the hot weather, and water bombs are a great way to cool of the hot temperatures and also be fun for everyone.
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Ways Of Making Relaxing Spa Treatment At Home.
It is important for moms to give themselves a break especially the ones with kids of varying ages. While there are those that can afford the luxury of attending the local spa, a majority of the middle-class mothers cannot. One can end up spending hundreds of dollars on an average spa treatment and have fun trying to clear their schedule. Making time for the spa can lead your children to complain that you don’t spend enough time with them. It is especially for the parents who have teenage girls as they will be forced to take them along. The innovators of Portable Tubs HQ should be congratulated for their brilliant innovation. Below are some tips that can help moms create time to relax even when they have to attend to kids.
Wait until they go to school.
When the kids are of the school going age or at least they can be taken in a daycare, you can create time to treat yourself. This requires one to schedule the treatment in the late morning or early in the afternoon. This is a time that should be used wisely. You just need to get your favorite songs ready, have the swimsuit in hand and wait until the last child is gone. It is important to remember that treating yourself to a home spa treatment should be about making you feel relaxed. It is therefore important to get those luxurious lotions ready, soak them in the potable tub, and finish with a body scrub in the shower. When you are done you can go on and put on some soft, comfortable clothes.
Aromatherapy can help to relax.
Immersing yourself in a tub full of bubbling warm water gives your mind a chance to relax and be free to move anywhere. To help the mind feel more relaxed, try utilizing aromatherapy. Pleasant scents can help you in ways that you cannot be able to imagine until you try. One way to achieve this is by purchasing scented candles and placing them around the tab and then going ahead with the treatment.
Treat yourself to a manicure and a pedicure.
After taking the treatment in the spa, it is the best time to make your nails look good. This is due to the fact that at this time, it is when the skin is dump and the cuticles have softened. You will only now only require a nail file, cuticle stick and the nail polish. This is a treatment that enables you’re your nails look the best and also make you feel good about yourself. This exercise is a cheaper option than going to a commercial spa.
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Ways to Handling Your Busy Lifestyle
For anyone with a busy lifestyle, you might find that at times, you might not have some time to spend by yourself, meaning that you need to look into some of the available methods through which you can eventually get to have a great time, thus meaning that you will eventually get to be assuaged, one of the ways of achieving this will be through getting to have a portable relaxation hot tub.
Besides, you do find that it may likewise get the opportunity to be simpler spending at some point in the bowling alley, this will approve that inevitably, you can end up making a few companions and furthermore that you are fit for fathoming all that would serve best, hence implying that you will be mitigated and furthermore that you may end up saving money on time, accordingly having the capacity to cooperate with a few companions.
Nonetheless, also getting to go swimming or to the beach would be something else which would work to your advantage, apart from being able to have a great time, you will also validate that you can get to stay fit, thus ascertaining that eventually, you can wind up being assuaged and also that you will be able to save time and money.
Other than swimming, you will likewise find that playing chess too may get the opportunity to be another practical strategy through which you can, in the end, be mitigated, all which will approve that through all which you get the opportunity to do, you can be alleviated and furthermore that you will, in the end, have the capacity to approve that you can acquire increasingly learning on the best way to best play chess or even critical thinking.
Having pets can be something which might be tough for a busy lifestyle, however, you will find that this can also be something else which would ensure that you can have some fun, in most cases, you will find that this will get to be a creature of comfort, thus validating that you can wind up having some great time and also you might also have a creature which you can be worried about.
Eventually, you will also discern that getting to widen your social network can be another thing which might get to work as per your liking, thus meaning that you do wind up being able to make more friends and also that you can validate that you can have some people whom eventually can be with you at all times, thus getting to save time and also money on some activities which might not work.
Tips for Helping Your Dog Lose Weight.
The Amount of overweight dogs has grown over the past few years which is a reason for worry. Dogs can gain weight just like humans do, because of a number of factors such as poor diet, lack of proper exercise or even a health condition that triggers obesity.
As a dog owner it’s important to take necessary steps into helping your dog lose weight since its health is at risk. Studies have proven that dogs who are obese are disposed to to diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, lung disorders, arthritis, dysfunction of the immune system and maybe even cancer. In addition, a healthy dog is reported to live two years longer than an overweight one. Luckily, there are essential tips that guide you in helping your pet manage its giant problem.
Well, the common solution for weight increase is simply exercise. A routine exercise is highly recommended for your dog. Taking a walk each morning for just twenty minutes could be a great start into refining considerably the health of your pet. But if you happen to get a hectic schedule along the week, then you can also buy toys to help it play with and run around.
Exercise goes hand in hand with dietary. You should Cut back on snacks consumed by the dog. Letting you dog consume too much snacks along with their regular meals is a massive contributor to weight gain and if you are not careful they end up becoming fat. Bear in mind that sometimes dogs request for food not because they are hungry but simply because they are eager to see meals about them. You should regulate the amount they consume especially when you’re convinced they’re eating enough.
In addition to that, have a proper, well regulated feeding time. It’s not advisable even to human beings to be eating all through the day and night. Your dog should not be fed whenever they want to but rather have strict timetable for feeding it such as during family meal time. However, if you are also caught in between busy schedule and not available in the morning and around lunch hours, you may consider having an automatic feeding bawl that dispenses food at stipulated time so as to have peace of mind when you are not around. Normally, dogs are fed two to four times per day depending upon the strain.
The food that is given to your dog at this stipulated time should also be measured, and not just pilling a lamb of meal on the bawl. It is a good idea to have a precise scale to ensure you’re getting the right amount.
In conclusion, it’s also a good idea to know the sort of food that you are feeding your pet. Purchase food that encourage weight reduction and not the other way around. Consult your veterinarian if you aren’t certain.
Some Instructions to help you choose an E-Liquid
Outstanding amongst other things about changing to vaping from smoking is the immense measure of e-fluid flavors that you can browse. It is expected that your e-cigarettes is already came with a number of e-juice; however, many new smokers like to get taste other brands or flavors. But with such a large number of various flavors, season mixes and different elements to consider with regard to choosing the ideal e-fluid for you, it can rapidly turn into a fairly dubious choice to make. Many individuals would prefer not to hazard buying an e-fluid that they are new to, as they would prefer not to burn through cash on something that not be utilized. There are a few hints that can enable you to pick the best e-fluid that you will love to breathe in with.
There is things to consider before purchasing. You can try an e-liquid before you buy could be a good idea. It is not a smart thought in the event that you think on the web but rather some of them is putting forth tests to taste before choosing which one to choose. Some smart thoughts is you will purchase first e-fluids on other high prescribed stores so you can get thought of a few flavors that suit your taste; at that point you just fine the e-squeeze that you can like online to show signs of improvement bargain.
One thing to consider is you must be familiar to the flavors you like. In choosing e-juice, it is a good idea searching the flavor that you already like. Gratefully, since almost tastes and favorites are so diverse, e-juice producers are offering extensive variety of flavors that can satisfy everyone.
You can consider tobacco. If you already tastes other brands of cigarettes, then you can, maybe satisfied in the taste of traditional tobacco. But here’s the uplifting news: E-fluids arrive in an assortment of tobacco flavors, so you can in any case feel like you’re smoking a cigarette without all the awful included chemicals, for example, carbon monoxide and tar.
We must consider the quality and brands. In picking a cigarette or e-fluid don’t simply focus on the flavors however you should consider the brand that could give you the fulfillment and happiness. Always remember that cheap e-juice don’t give you the satisfaction you want to experience.
Perusing on the web surveys is likewise a smart thought to consider. Today, there’s an immense group of vapers on the web, and you can discover websites, YouTube channels, surveys and that’s only the tip of the iceberg, all giving inside and out data, nitty gritty encounters and counsel to enable new vapers to benefit as much as possible from their unit. Before you choose whether to buy a specific e-fluid, a speedy Google look for it is an extraordinary thought; this will probably raise data that can enable you to settle on a more educated decision. For the new smokers one to be considered is the throat that will be damaged upon inhaling. By and large you should choose additionally those with less chemicals to ensure your throat. When buying a cigarette for the first time you should consider the safety of your throat.
Are you worried about the current oil prices? If so, you should stop worrying as the price won’t last forever. Actually, OPEC has almost no influence on electricity or natural gas. The fact of the matter is that the old coal-based power plants increased electricity prices in 2016. However, the problem is that energy efficiency is really important for you should you want to stay ahead of the competition. If you are a plant manager and you want to save energy, we suggest that you follow the tips given below.
The US Department of Energy suggests that plant managers can cut down on the heating costs through the implementation of some energy-saving measures. As a matter of fact, process heating includes 30% of the energy consumed in this sector. Therefore, if you save energy in this area, you can make a significant impact.
Moreover, you can monitor and control your air-to-fuel ratio and exhaust gases in order to save a lot of energy. But if your plant requires lots of hot water, it’s a good idea to use a solar-water heating plant to preheat the process water. This is another great way of saving a lot of money.
Motors and Equipment
Machine drives accounts for over 22% of power consumption in the manufacturing sector. If you want to cut down on your operating costs, we suggest that you analyze the system and shaft losses. In addition, you can also consider upgrading to a system that is more efficient.
At times, you may have to replace the equipment to achieve your targets. But you don’t have to spend a huge sum for each upgrade. As a matter of fact, you can hone the mechanical performance of the plant through the alteration of the operational or maintenance procedures.
Typically, building-performance experts consider lighting as the main source of energy consumption. For energy saving, you can opt for fluorescent bulbs, fixtures, LED tube lights, and skylights, just to name a few. However, you don’t have to replace all of your lighting systems in order to save energy.
You may not want to overlook utilities as far as saving energy is concerned. What you need to do is review your usage plans and then get in touch with the service provider to find out if they can provide alternative procurement or other option that can help you save money.
Actually, some utilities offer attractive incentives for the installation of energy-saving improvements. It’s also a good idea to contact the competitors. You can also negotiate with them to get the best deal.
For energy efficiency, employee behavior also matters. You may want to let your employees know your goals and progress. Don’t forget to appreciate them for playing a role in the achievement of your goals. You will see that they have great insights. As a matter of fact, studies show that upgrades for energy efficiency help workers become more productive.
Long story short, when you are planning an energy-saving program, you may want to look for opportunities that can help you reduce cost. Next, as the operating costs come down, you can invest in an energy saving infrastructure like a solar energy system. Hopefully, the tips given above will help you save on energy costs.
If you are an engineer or work in any metal industry, probably you are aware of the instrument Hardness Tester. It is a device that helps to measure the indentation rigidity in the metal. It is very much helpful in determining the measure of deformation that majorly happens whenever the metal or metallic substance is penetrated with a certain category of the indenter. It is a way better than its alternative including Scleroscope, Vickers, and Brinell, which was previously used for performing the same test.
All these instruments have some disadvantages like if we talk about the Scleroscope, so, it was hard to use, the second one that is Vickers, it takes too long to respond and the final one Brinell had too large of indents than they actually required in the application. Therefore, this amazing instrument was invented to eliminate all the above disadvantages. Nowadays, this hardness tester has great demand in the market as it helps to measure the hardness of the material the way easier than ever. You are allowed to measure the hardness of any size and shape of the material. Moreover, it is available in the portable design, which means you can use it at more than one site. It is a proven way to measure the quality of the metal and metallic products or other materials.
It delivers accurate results in a very short span. To determine whether the metal is appropriate for construction use is or not, you need this instrument. It can be used in different applications and are very easy to use. Additionally, this instrument is filled with a number of benefits that make it ideal to use in construction industry. So, you should eliminate myth from your mind that it is a bane or investing in it is a waste of money because it is not. It is a perfect instrument to invest, so, you can easily measure the hardness of the material and get the accurate result about the quality and strength of the material.
It makes the measuring process a lot easier for the first time users. So, if your work activities include the testing the hardness of different objects, so, this instrument is undoubtedly a boon for you. It has great demand in a number of industries, where you need to control the quality of the material, before sending it further for any use. What are you waiting for? Go and get the instrument now for the accurate results.
3D printing was developed back in the early 80s but it has seen much growth since the past 10 years. It has now become one of the biggest growth areas in the tech industry and is revolutionising manufacturing covering every industry possible. The 3D printing business is now multi-billion dollar industry and is likely to continue growing at an exponential rate.
3D printing is quite a simple process conceptually, the printers work by printing the chosen material in layers on top of each other, with each layer setting prior to the next pass of the printer.
3D printers have been used to print all sorts of materials from cheap and normal materials to things you would expect to read in a sci-fi book.
For the consumer market, plastics are used exclusively as the materials are cheap to buy, but more importantly, the technology required to print plastic is relatively simple and low cost.
Low-cost 3D printers using plastic tend to use Fused filament fabrication (FFF). This is basically a process where a cord of plastic is heated up to become pliable then fed through the machine layering the plastic. The machines generally use one of the following plastics
PLA (Polylactic Acid) – PLA is probably the easiest material to work with when you first start 3D printing. It is an environmentally friendly material that is very safe to use, as it is a biodegradable thermoplastic that has been derived from renewable resources such as corn starch and sugar canes. This is a similar plastic that is used in compostable bags which safely bio degrade compared to more traditional plastics used in Poly Bags.
ABS (Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) – ABS is considered to be the second easiest material to work with when you start 3D printing. It’s very safe and strong and widely used for things like car bumpers, and Lego (the kid’s toy).
PVA (Polyvinyl Alcohol Plastic) – PVA plastic which is quite different to PVA Glue (please don’t try putting PVA Glue into your 3D Printer, it definitely won’t work). The popular MakerBot Replicator 2 printers use PVA plastic.
Plastics are used extensively on all levels from consumer to businesses prototyping new products. However, in the business market, there is a huge demand for metal 3D printing. Some printers can use powdered material that is then heated to create a solid. This method is typically Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) and this particular technique is why we don’t see consumer metal 3D printing. DMLS requires a huge amount of heat and giant expensive printers to sinter the material together, and while 3D printing a metal object might be expensive compared to mass production, it is incredibly cost efficient for complex and expensive projects. A good example of DMLS based 3D printing is GE Aviation using it to produce 35,000 fuel injectors for its LEAP jet engine.
Using boring materials such as metal is almost archaic in the world of 3D printing now; some companies now do 3D bioprinting which is the process of creating cell patterns in a confined space using 3D printing technologies, where cell function and viability are preserved within the printed construct. These 3D bioprinters have the capacity to print skin tissue, heart tissue, and blood vessels among other basic tissues that could be suitable for surgical therapy and transplantation.
Preventive maintenance planning and practices influence most major maintenance department activities in a manufacturing environment. Here are some examples of this.
Equipment downtime is largely affected by preventive maintenance or the lack there of.
Repair work orders are subjected to the influences of the preventive maintenance program.
Purchasing and inventory are affected by preventive maintenance for routine replacement of expendable spares as well as repair parts required for unexpected downtime.
As evidenced by the points above, preventive maintenance should be “first base” for any maintenance department. Unfortunately sometimes routine preventive maintenance activities often do not get the attention or credit they are due. This is a mistake. So what are the keys to a successful preventive maintenance program?
1. Careful Planning of the Preventive Maintenance Program
Planning a preventive maintenance program involves the following:
Determine tasks and intervals needed to maintain the equipment.
Ensure that the appropriate resources are in place.
Schedule maintenance personnel for maximum preventive maintenance wrench time.
Understand how scheduled equipment downtime and maintenance personnel scheduling interface.
Manage spares effectively.
Select a scheduling and accountability system (preventive maintenance software, CMMS software or equivalent)
Determine Maintenance Tasks and Intervals
A good preventive maintenance (PM) task list contains the following components:
The equipment item.
The person the task is assigned to.
A task interval.
A start date and due date.
Optional: Detailed instructions and pictures if needed.
Optional: Task completion sequence.
Begin with your equipment list. Next gather appropriate tasks for preventive maintenance task lists from OEM manuals or online manuals when possible. This is a good place to start, especially with newer equipment. In some cases, the equipment warranty is dependent upon following the OEM recommendations. Another source of tasks is the maintenance manager’s experience and intuition. Yet another source is branch locations running similar equipment.
When developing a task list, consider the reusability of the task descriptions. Reusability refers to using the same task description on potentially multiple equipment items. The benefit is that there are fewer tasks, no duplicate task descriptions and better reporting and analysis of PMs. Consider these examples:
REUSABLE task description: Lubricate Roller Chain(s)
NOT REUSABLE: Lubricate Roller Chain(s) on Conveyor #1
In the first example this task, Lubricate Roller Chain(s), is appropriate for any equipment with a roller chain. In the second example, Lubricate Roller Chain on Conveyor #1, is only appropriate on the Conveyor #1 PM task list. Imagine how cumbersome your preventive maintenance software management efforts become if you are not using reusable tasks. Another example that may cause problems later is naming conventions such as 30 Day PMs or Weekly Tasks. This creates unneeded redundancy, as the interval (30 in this case) is included in the PM record already. Additionally there is no task description here that refers to the actual work performed.
How do you create reusable tasks? Begin with the most generic tasks you can think of and create these first. Examples could be Inspect, Clean, Lubricate, etc. After these task descriptions have been created, go to the next step and create tasks that are somewhat more specific. Here are some examples: Check Wiring, Replace Lubricant, Lube Chains. Continue with increasingly more specific tasks always trying to avoid including the equipment or equipment component in the task description. Eventually, for specialized tasks that are only performed on specific equipment, it may become necessary to include a component of the equipment in the task description. Keep the task description short and focused on the actual task. Obviously if the task description is short, it may not fully describe the job. This is where detailed instructions and pictures are used.
Next, determine what interval units are needed for your PM system. Calendar-based PMs usually will use a day interval. For example every 7 days Lubricate Roller Chain(s). Other tasks may be demand based or based upon the actual runtime of the equipment. In some cases, hours or minutes may be appropriate. As you gain experience with this set of PM tasks and intervals changes to the tasks and intervals may be warranted. Consequently choose a system that makes editing existing PMs simple and without historical data loss.
Ensure that Adequate Resources are in Place
Listed below are resources you need for a successful preventive maintenance program:
Trained and available personnel.
Adequate spares, expendables, lubricants, drive chain, bearings, etc.
Time in the production or equipment runtime schedule to perform PMs.
A motivated team of maintenance professionals.
Personnel must be trained and capable of safely performing the required work. Vigorously enforce proper lockout/tagout procedures. Stock on hand for expendables and other spares used for PMs has to be adequate. Inadequate spares not only prevents completion of the PMs, but also hurts motivation when personnel attempting to perform their job are hindered by a lack of spares. As such, the purchasing department has to have an ordering system that stays ahead of preventive maintenance spares requirements. Additionally an accountability system (CMMS) helps track spares use for restocking purposes. In summary, show your maintenance technicians how important you believe preventive maintenance is by providing the materials and training needed for these important tasks.
Time is a resource. Time must be available so that personnel can perform their work. This may require scheduling changes so that maintenance personnel are available during scheduled equipment downtime. Given the right resources, your maintenance team cannot help but be motivated to succeed with equipment maintenance.
Use a Maintenance Software Solution to Track and Manage Maintenance
Now that the tasks, intervals, personnel, training and scheduling are established it is time to load the data into a preventive maintenance software system. With so many CMMS choices, it is important to do your research carefully. Approximately fifty CMMS companies go out of business annually and fifty more replace these. Choose a well-established long-term CMMS company that has a proven record of accomplishment. Ask the following questions when choosing a CMMS:
How long has the CMMS company been in business?
How flexible is the preventive maintenance system?
Are there different task list formats available?
Is it possible to automate task list issuance?
Do technicians have the ability to close their own PMs while maintaining the integrity of the data?
Is it possible to close PMs without leaving the plant floor?
How easy (or hard) is it to adjust preventive maintenance task schedules?
Are labor and parts costs easily summarized and reported?
Is there an objective way to know how to optimize task lists or task intervals based upon downtime or reliability data?
When evaluating a CMMS it is best to run a demonstration copy of the proposed system with your own sample equipment and tasks. Use the system for at least 30 days. Issue preventive maintenance task lists to your personnel. Get their buy-in by demonstrating the usefulness of the system. Prove to yourself and your maintenance technicians that using the software makes both of your jobs easier. Most importantly confirm that this system has the potential to improve equipment availability and reliability.
Consider support and training as part of the initial investment. CMMS software training is well worth the investment as it brings the maintenance department up to speed quickly with the CMMS and instills confidence in its use. This leads to better compliance in entering and updating data.
Price is important, however the real cost benefit of CMMS comes not from the initial investment in CMMS but in the ongoing use and benefits derived from that use. Some CMMS software solutions are subscription-based. Others are a one-time investment with a perpetual license. While there are several factors to consider in CMMS selection, initial investment (price) should be a low priority when the budget allows. Ask yourself this question: “Do you want to trust millions of dollars in equipment assets to a cheap CMMS?”
2. Implement Your New Preventive Maintenance Program
Now it is time to start reaping the benefits of your new preventive maintenance program. Here are a few questions to consider when implementing your new PM program:
Should tasks lists be printed, emailed or simply viewed through a tablet or smart-phone?
How are tasks closed and what data should be included?
Who should close the preventive maintenance tasks as they are completed?
What will you use the system when maintenance personnel are absent?
Should spare parts lists be included on the task list?
If spares are included on the task list, should stock levels automatically draw down when the PM is completed?
The answers to these question come down to company policy, industry requirements, regulations and personal preference.
3. Assess and Adjust Your Equipment Maintenance Program
Constantly assessing your preventive maintenance program is an integral part of managing this system effectively. Equipment runtime schedules change, equipment demand changes, personnel change, maintenance technologies and procedures change. Your primary assessment tool is equipment maintenance data. The longer you use your CMMS system the more data it accumulates. Assuming that you chose a CMMS that provides extensive analysis and reporting, this data is now a valuable decision-making store. Use this data for OEE (overall equipment effectiveness) and reliability analysis. Choose a CMMS that uses MTBF (mean time between failures) to suggest preventive maintenance task intervals. Using real runtime data to set PM task intervals eliminates guesswork.
Being a proactive maintenance manager you should be adjusting to these changes as needed. Here are some things to look out for and some ideas on how to react. Keep in mind that sometimes there is no substitute for an experienced maintenance manager’s intuition.
Equipment Runtime Schedule Changes
In some situations, preventive maintenance can only be performed while equipment is in a scheduled shut down period. This creates a problem for maintenance scheduling. Here are some ways to manage this situation.
Non-maintenance machine operators can complete some simple maintenance procedures such as minor lubrication tasks.
Double-team certain equipment when it is down.
Adjust maintenance schedules.
Use automated maintenance devices, such as lubricators.
Implement preventive maintenance procedures during unscheduled downtime.
Equipment Demand Changes
Equipment demand relates to more than just runtime schedule changes. Demand reflects the actual time equipment is running and how much work it performs during the scheduled period. Obviously triggering PMs based upon calendar days would not be appropriate in these cases. It is best to trigger PMs in this case based upon runtime hours, cycles, cuts or whatever the appropriate meter unit is for that equipment. Consequently this equipment should have a counting device or be connected to the system that automatically triggers preventive maintenance work orders through an OPC compliant data connection.
Select a CMMS software solution that reads OPC data directly from the equipment then automatically responds with a preventive maintenance work order at exactly the right moment.
The best way to overcome this inevitable change is to have detailed listings of preventive maintenance tasks, intervals, spares requirements and history. Make sure this information is available to pass on to the new person. The more organized your system is the easier is to move seamlessly through this change. Once again, a good preventive maintenance software solution addresses this need.
Additionally, ongoing training and cross training in various maintenance processes can offset personnel change issues.
Changes in Maintenance Technologies and Procedures
An example of this type of change could be a new sensor that provides critical maintenance data to an OPC server. This data in turn indicates the correct PM interval. Another example could simply be running the equipment only when needed. This action saves energy resources and may reduce wear and tear on the equipment.
Software is constantly improving. Desired options with preventive maintenance software solutions are as follows:
Is there a role-based permission capability that allows the maintenance technicians to close their own PMs?
Is there a mechanism to validate PMs closed by technicians?
Does the ability to temporarily assign tasks to an alternate maintenance technician exist?
Is it possible to gather runtime data through an OPC compliant data network and issue work orders automatically.
Preventive maintenance is the one of the primary responsibilities of the maintenance manager in a manufacturing environment. Many maintenance department activities are affected by, and rely on a successful preventive maintenance program. More importantly, success of the manufacturing facility as a whole is directly proportional to the quality of the design, implementation and management of the preventive maintenance system.
Any electrical equipment will have different types of electrical connectors within. Each connector comes in different shapes, sizes, and materials. Function is another key factor that classifies the connectors.
From connecting a wire to a board to joining key elements on a PCB, connectors play diverse roles and serve many applications. Despite their simple design, they connect and bring power/signals to the system. Key factors that determine the quality of a good connector is its reliability, signal integrity, speed performance, power rating durability, and ease of assembly.
Connector manufacturers offer an extensive array of tried and tested product solutions.
There a few common connectors which are worth the mention:
8P8C connector, where 8P8C stands for “eight positions, eight conductors” have eight positions, with corresponding conductors in the mating socket assigned to each. It is basically a modular connector and was primarily used in telephone wire applications. Today, they serve many applications and functions like being used to interface Ethernet jacks.
The 8P8C connectors have a male plug and a corresponding female socket connection. It carries eight contacts and when they get aligned with the corresponding eight conductors within the sockets, electrical signals get transmitted. Apart from Ethernet and telephone wires, they are also used in computer applications and other communication cables.
Generally, most modular connectors are technically named after the number of positions and conductors. They include sizes like -4-,-6-, 8-, and -10-. For instance, a 10P8C will have ten positions with eight conductors.
D-subminiature is much similar to 8P8C, as they are used in computer and play a critical function on modems. Though the name states “subminiature”, these are larger than most modern computer connectors. The connector has a D-shaped metal component that defines its shape and protects it. It also consists of two or more rows of pins with varying numbers in the male connector and a similar set of receiving ends in the female part. The male connector with a pin is called a plug whereas the receiving part that houses the contacts that connect these pins is called a socket. This connection is established to transmit electrical signals. This variant has the capability to provide protection against electromagnetic interference, commonly known as EMI.
USB or Universal Serial Bus is a very common type of connector. They are small interfaces used to attach multiple devices to a computer. You can see at least two USB ports in any standard laptop that support external USB connectors and cables, while desktops have up to 4 USB ports in general. USB connectors gained much popularity and recognition, as it can be connected and disconnected easily while the device is still working. This contributed to its widespread use in computer applications that constantly require plugging and unplugging external devices, especially for transferring data.